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Reference materials

Table of Contents

Conventions and Agreements

CITES Publications

  • Assessment of the capacity of selected countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America to implement the new CITES listings of Sharks and Manta Rays.
    Summary of a study commissioned by CITES - August 2014
  • A brief introduction to CITES listing of shark species
    Published with the support from the European Union
  • CITES - Regulating the world's wildlife trade
    This brochure was prepared for the 40th anniversary of CITES.
  • CITES Handbook includes:
    • Text of the Convention
    • Appendices
    • Resolutions of the Conference of the Parties in effect after the 15th meeting
    • Decisions of the Conference of the Parties in effect after the 15th meeting
  • CITES terminology
    The basis for this glossary has been the compilation of the terms that are defined in the text of the Convention and in Resolutions. To this first set the Secretariat has added recurrent terms that have not been officially defined, such as 'amendment proposal'. Users of this glossary should note that the definitions provided herewith may be specific to CITES and not valid in another context.
  • CITES trade: a snapshot The brochure, CITES trade: a snapshot, includes snapshots of the analyses made, and the trade value and trends of key commodities of Appendix II species. It also presents many of the trends graphically, thereby giving readers a better grasp on the extent and importance of the Convention in the conservation and sustainable use of species.
  • CITES Trade: recent trends in international trade in Appendix II-listed species (1996‐2010) Prepared for the CITES Secretariat by United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
    The CITES Secretariat commissioned the report on CITES Trade: recent trends in nternational trade in Appendix II‐listed species (1996‐2010). This report is based on CITES trade data, and will be the first of a number of publications planned to assist Parties gain access to the knowledge needed to manage wildlife trade sustainably. The report aims to improve understanding of how CITES can help to ensure that the use of wildlife is sustainable and how it can contribute tangible benefits for local people.  
  • Database driven Checklist of CITES Species, 2013
    This state-of-the-art electronic resource provides users with an intuitive interface where queries can be made using not just scientific or common species names but also CITES Appendices, countries or regions, and any combinations thereof. The display of results can be further refined by selecting criteria such as synonyms or authors' names. Users can thus produce a tailored Index of CITES species listing, for instance, all CITES species occurring in a specific country. The history of listing is displayed on screen for each taxon and can be printed off in a single document covering all taxa.
  • CITES and the WTO: Enhancing Cooperation for Sustainable Development
    The present joint publication illustrates how the relationship between CITES and the WTO has evolved into a leading example of how global trade and environmental regimes can support each other and work coherently to achieve shared objectives. Geneva: World Trade Organization (WTO) and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 2015.
  • ICCWC: International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime
    The International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime ‘ICCWC’ is the collaborative effort of five intergovernmental organizations working to bring coordinated support to national wildlife law enforcement agencies and the subregional and regional enforcement networks that act in defence of natural resources
  • Implementing cites listings of sharks and manta rays 2013 - 2016
    Prepared by CITES in collaboration with FAO with support from the European Union
Evaluation of the Harvest of Prunus africana
Wildlife Crime Analytic Toolkit

Additional Readings

Non-Detriment Findings

    Publications made possible through the project Strengthening CITES implementation capacity of developing countries to ensure sustainable wildlife management and non-detrimental trade which was supported by the European Union

Theses (Universidad Internacional de Andalucía (UNIA))

Case Studies


  • CITES Trade Database
    The CITES trade database is a unique resource and currently holds 7 million records of trade in wildlife and 50,000 scientific names of taxa listed by CITES. Currently, more than 500,000 records of trade in CITES-listed species of wildlife are reported annually.
  • CITES Trade Data Dashboards
    The CITES Trade Data Dashboards provide an interactive, dynamic way of viewing the trade data submitted by CITES Parties in their annual reports to the Convention. Two points of entry are provided: 1)the Global Dashboard, which displays global trade trends by taxonomic group; and 2) the National Dashboard, which displays trade data by country or region.
  • Ecolex
    ECOLEX is an information service on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP. Its purpose is to build capacity worldwide by providing the most comprehensive possible global source of information on environmental law. This unique resource, which combines the environmental law information holdings of FAO, IUCN and UNEP, seeks to put this information at the disposal of users world-wide, in an easily accessible service, employing modern technology. The ECOLEX database includes information on treaties, international soft-law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. Users have direct access to the abstracts and indexing information about each document, as well as to the full text of most of the information provided.
  • InforMEA
    InforMEA harvests COP decisions, news, meetings, membership, national focal points and reports from MEAs. Information is organised by terms from MEA COP agendas. InforMEA is a project of the MEA Information and Knowledge Management (IKM) Initiative with the support from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • Trade Information Query Tool
    This database includes information on CITES Quotas, other CITES restrictions (animals only), and EC suspensions and opinions.
  • UNEP-WCMC E-library
    The UNEP-WCMC E-library is a searchable database of electronic documents, developed for the European Commission and Member States in the implementation of Community wildlife trade controls.
  • UNEP-WCMC EU Wildlife Trade Regulation database
    The EU Wildlife Trade Regulation database includes more than 33,000 accepted plant and animal species that are listed in the CITES Appendices and the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations and many of their synonyms. It was created and is maintained by UNEP-WCMC with financial support from the European Commission.
  • Species+
    Species+, developed by UNEP-WCMC and the CITES Secretariat, is a website designed to assist Parties with implementing CITES, CMS and other multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). Species+ provides a centralised portal for accessing key information on species of global concern.
    In particular, Species+ contains information on all species that are listed in the Appendices of CITES and CMS, as well as other CMS Family listings and species included in the Annexes to the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations.

Identification Materials


  • CITES Website
    The official website of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
  • CBD website
    The official website of the Convention on Biological Diversity
  • United Nations Environment Programme Website
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency Risk Assessment Portal
    This site provides basic information about environmental risk assessments for the public. Additionally, the site offers a comprehensive set of links to key tools, guidance and guidelines.
  • Wildlife Trade in the EU
    The Wildlife Trade in the EU website has been designed to provide up-to-date and tailor-made information to commercial European Union (EU) wildlife trade sectors as well as travellers and other people that have an interest in wildlife trade and seek information that enables them to comply with European Community Regulations.
  • The European Community and Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora
    Although the European Union is not yet a Party to CITES, its provisions have been implemented in Community law since 1982, when the first Community-wide legislation implementing the Convention entered into force.

CITES World Official Newsletter of the Parties

Beginning with no. 8, each new edition of CITES World will examine topical CITES issues, review national and international actions and initiatives that are of interest to the CITES community.


Last modified: Monday, 10 August 2015, 02:55 PM